Scientific classification: Araucaria angustifolia
The Brazilian pine, which is mostly identified as the candelabra tree, is a critically endangered spe- cies within the conifer genus Araucaria. Though overall names consult with the species as a “pine”, it in actual fact doesn’t belong within the genus Pinus.
Native to southern Brazil, the species has misplaced 97% of its habitat to logging, agriculture and silviculture. A total of 38 tree species on Brazil’s respectable checklist of Vegetation Species Threatened with Extinction were legally traded between 2012 and 2016, constant with a no longer too lengthy within the past printed query performed by scientists at the Federal Fluminense University and the Botanical Garden Analysis Institute of Rio de Janeiro.
Araucaria angustifolia became the first on the traded checklist of threatened species, representing 5.2% of the total volume of timber traded over the four-one year analysis length. The Brazilian pine is an evergreen tree that grows as a lot as 40 metre in prime and one metre in diameter. It’s a long way dioecious, with the male and female cones on separate bushes.
As the tree matures, the decrease branches fall off, leaving a lengthy, bare trunk with a crown of upturned branches tufted at the ends. Brazilian pine, a durable, honey-coloured wooden, lends itself effectively to building initiatives and has a superior means to withhold screws. In the 1940s, wooden from Brazil’s araucarias became one in every of the main timbers passe to rebuild Europe after World War II, and around 100 million bushes were felled between 1930 and 1990. Now, magnificent 3 to five% of the forest’s usual extent stays.